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      Eco-Friendly Cars Challenge
      時間:2012-10-30 14:12:23

      By 2015, the U.S. government and corporations will supplement their fleets with 1.3 million hybrid cars, with the emphasis on plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). This number changed quite a bit from the predicted 4 million hybrid vehicles Pike Research published at the end of 2009.
       
      "Between 2010 and 2015, more than 1.3 million PEVs will be purchased for use in (government or corporate) fleet operations, with nearly 400,000 vehicles being sold annually by the end of the forecast period,” predicted by Pike Research. In 2009, Pike Research suggested that 2009 annual hybrid car sales would reach 300,000 and almost triple by 2015, with that major buying trend centering on hybrid medium/heavy-duty trucks and buses. This outlook changed in May of this year, and Pike Research now predicts that the major thrust will be in buying passenger cars, centering on smaller-sized SUVs.
       
      The focus is on reducing government and corporate expenses, as fuel efficiency could read into annual savings of thousands of dollars, especially considering the large car fleets that governments and corporations own. But when it comes to the number of cars on the road, the 1.3 million is about 0.52 percent, a relatively small number, of the approximately 250 million registered vehicles in the United States. Therefore, the effect on the ecology might be minimal unless the public buys into buying more eco-friendly cars. Just to be clear on the difference between the hybrid and the run-of-the mill car, hybrid cars are powered by several energy sources. Among the different models that were developed over the past years.
       
      Buying Into the Electric Vehicle Hype
       
      A major reason for the federal government going hybrid or electric is not so much the fuel efficiency or the reduction in emission, but a directive that takes away any choice when buying vehicles. This directive, signed by President George W. Bush in 2007, demands that federal agencies reduce gasoline usage by 2 percent every year until 2015, and the baseline would be 2005 fuel consumption numbers.
       
      "The Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 requires certain ‘covered’ federal agency fleets to acquire a percentage of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) each year. In addition, EPAct 2005 requires federal fleets to use alternative fuels in dual-fuel vehicles,” according to an entry on the U.S. Department of Energy.
       
      A little caveat was added to this directive, giving a breather to those who haven’t bought into the alternative fuel vehicle craze. The alternative fuel station must be within five miles or 15 minutes of the garaged locale. Besides, the caveat isn’t completely cast in stone, as a waiver could be requested from the Department of Energy.
       
      People could be lured into buying the electric car through tax breaks and other benefits handed out by the federal and local governments. Secondly, an electric car is much cheaper to power, and one can breeze through the car-pool lane during rush hours without having to hunt for an extra passenger. Lastly, environmental concerns are on many people’s agenda, being bombarded with reports on the greenhouse effect by the media on a daily basis.
       
      "Whether you want to save money or you want to give something back to the environment, the electric car can provide you with both,” according to Electric Cars.
       
      Putting a Damper on Eco-Friendly Cars
       
      Some local governments are beginning to realize that if people buy eco-friendly cars they won’t go to the gas pump and buy that gasoline, a big revenue source for governments across the board. Also, there is the road tax to be considered, which is paid at the gas pump.
       
      U.S. federal, state, and local governments are in search of a new revenue source, as they are grappling with ever growing budget shortfalls. An idea being tossed around is an annual fee to be paid by people who buy electric cars. Another thought thrown into the discussion is that a fee would be added to the cost of recharging one’s plug-in car, which would be the least costly. But that holds true only if people recharge at public plug-in stations.
       
      "Many states have been toying with the idea of switching to a VMT tax (Vehicle Miles Traveled tax), which would ensure that drivers of hybrid, electric, and fuel-efficient gas vehicles pay their fair share for using the roads,” according to Plugincars.
       
      Washington state was the first state in which the legislature passed a bill calling for an annual $100 flat fee for electric car owners. The Oregon government has a bill pending in the state legislature, which if passed, would put a 1.43 cents mileage fee for each mile driven by electric or plug-in hybrid cars. Yet the cost to build a tracking system, to be implemented by the Oregon Department of Transportation, would put another dent into this new earnings scheme.
       
      The state of Texas, despite considering a tax incentive of around $4,500 for those who buy a plug-in electric car, are at the same time tackling a bill that, if passed, would levy a tax on how many miles the car is driven.
       
      A warning has gone out by America’s Watchtower: “Once the federal government sees the money that these states are receiving from this ‘fee,’ we can be sure that what is now a tax incentive to buy these cars will eventually be a ‘fee’ imposed on those that are trying to abide by Barack Obama’s energy policy.”
       
       
      The federal-private EV Project has allocated $250 million forthe installation of 15,000 charging stations in Arizona, California, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Washington D.C., and Washington state.
       
      One can buy a home charging station where one plugs in the car overnight. The price ranges between $1,500 and $2,500, pointed out by the Go Eco-Friendly. Not to worry, the federal government provides a 30 percent tax credit for the purchase and installation, but set a $1,000 limit on this subsidy.
       
      The cost of that charge depends on where one lives. The lowest rate per kilowatt-hour in a residential home is 8.03 cents in Nebraska, and the highest is 31.04 cents in Hawaii, with the median ranging around 12 cents. Thus, it costs around 4 cents per mile when compared to around 12 cents per mile for a gas-powered car at today’s gasoline prices.
       
      "At the U.S. national average price of 11.5 cents per kilowatt-hour, buying electricity is approximately equivalent to buying gasoline at $1 per gallon.… On a typical day half of all drivers log 25 miles or less, so electric vehicles—if widely adopted—could reduce petroleum fuel consumption by 70 to 90%,” suggests the Electric Power Research Institute.
       
      Then the question arises, “How long will the car drive before it needs to be plugged in?” For example, the 2011 Chevrolet Volt will drive from 8 to 10 hours before it needs about 3 to 4 hours for charging. The 2011 Nissan LEAF needs to be recharged about every 7 to 8 hours. The Ford Focus Electric (to be on sale soon) will need recharging every 3 to 4 hours, while the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid (to be on sale soon) holds about 3 hours before it needs to be recharged.
       
      Actually, one can plug the car into any electric outlet. But this is not desirable, as for every five miles, one hour of charge is required. But then, for those afraid of getting stuck, one can buy a portable charger from Leviton Manufacturing Co. Inc., which can be plugged into any electric outlet. By the end of 2012, there will be an additional 20,000 public charge stations, with 15,000 stations to be installed during 2011. The average charge-up will cover up to 100 miles.
       
      While installing lots of public charging stations will certainly help EV drivers make their cars more useful, the problem is that those stations may not be where you need them, according to the Plugincars.
       
      Comapny Name:Zigong Tianshun Auto Starter Co.,Ltd.
      Address:Daan Industrial Park Zigong City Sichuan Province China P.R.